الْمُرَادُ بـ "أهل الحديث" في القُرون الْهِجْرِيَّة الأُوْلَى ومَدَى علاقة الْمُسَمَّيِيْن بهم في شِبْهِ القارَّة الهندية في القُرون المتأخّرة (دراسةٌ تاريخيةٌ استقرائيةٌ)

An Appraisal on Usage of the term “Aḥl al Ḥadīth” in Formative Islamic Period and its extended meanings in Later Centuries in Indian Subcontinent: A Historical Review

  • Dr. Syed Abdul Majid Ghouri Assistant Professor, Faculty of Qur’ānic and Sunnah Studies, Islamic University of Malaysia
Keywords: ahl al-Ḥadīth, Salafism, India, subcontinent, Early Islamic History

Abstract

In the early Ḥijrī centuries, the title Aḥl al-Ḥadīth was given various Islamic groups having different inclinations of religion, fiqh-following (Madhahib) and scholarly pattern which was used by a specific group of the subcontinent in later centuries. This caused great confusion in understanding the intended meaning of this title and difference between the past and present groups to the scholars. Hence, the paper looks into the intended meaning in the early history of Islam in light of statements of authentic scholars, and then introduces those people who were associated with this title in the Indian sub-continent in the later century, and highlights the determining differences between this contemporary reference to its earlier use. The paper divides the contents into two sections: firstly, it explains the intended meaning of Aḥl al-Ḥadīth in the early Ḥijrī centuries, secondly, it focuses on introducing those who were associated with this title in the Indian subcontinent whether by theological or fiqh-following. Moreover, the paper highlights the areas of theological similarity between this group and the Salafī group due to a claim made by the later that they belonged to the prior and have the ideological and theological roots.

Author Biography

Dr. Syed Abdul Majid Ghouri, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Qur’ānic and Sunnah Studies, Islamic University of Malaysia

Syed Abdul Majid Ghouri is an academic and scholar in the field of Ḥadīth, studied Islamic science at Nadwatul ‘Ulama University India, and Ma’had Al-Fatih ‎Al-Islāmī (Al-Azhar University Branch) in Damascus (Syria), then He completed Master degree and Ph.D. in Ḥadīth & its Sciences from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). He worked as a lecturer at the ‎Faculty of Al-Qur’ān & Sunnah in Selangor International Islamic University  Malaysia (KUIS) and prepared many textbooks in Ḥadīth & its Sciences during his tenor this University. He also worked as a Senior Fellow Researcher at the Ḥadīth Research Institute (INHAD) at the same University. Now He is working as an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Qur’ānic and Sunnah Studies at Islamic Science University of Malaysia (USIM). He has written around 50 books in the ‎fields of Ḥadīth and Islamic Biography published in Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Pakistan, and Malaysia. Apart from authoring books, he has also written many research articles in Hadith and its ‎sciences, most of them have been published in refereed journals. In addition to this, he has been invited to attend and deliver lectures in several scholarly and literary ‎seminars. He has honorary memberships of advisory boards of some refereed journals and international conferences.

Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
Ghouri, Dr. Syed Abdul Majid. 2020. “الْمُرَادُ بـ "أهل الحديث" في القُرون الْهِجْرِيَّة الأُوْلَى ومَدَى علاقة الْمُسَمَّيِيْن بهم في شِبْهِ القارَّة الهندية في القُرون المتأخّرة (دراسةٌ تاريخيةٌ استقرائيةٌ)”. Journal of Islamic and Religious Studies 5 (1), 1-21. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36476//JIRS.5:1.06.2020.01.
Section
Articles